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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225-227

Phrenic nerve palsy: A rare cause of respiratory distress in newborn

Department of Pediatrics, Maharajhas Institute of Medical Sciences, Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
V. S. S. Yerramilli Murty
Quarter No B2, MIMS Campus, Maharajhas Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimerla, Vizianagaram District - 535 217, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.106487

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Birth injury is defined as an impairment of a newborn's body function or structure due to adverse influences that occurred at birth. Phrenic nerve palsy may result from birth trauma during a traumatic neonatal delivery from a stretch injury due to lateral hyperextension of the neck at birth. This could be a rare cause of respiratory distress in the newborn period with irregular respiration. Respiratory distress due to phrenic nerve damage leading to paralysis of the ipsilateral diaphragm may require continuous positive airway pressure or mechanical ventilation and if unresponsive, surgical plication of diaphragm. Herein, we report a case of phrenic nerve palsy in a newborn presenting with respiratory distress.


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