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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 222-226

Magnitude of neurogenic tumor burden in pediatric population: A tertiary care center study

Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Shagufta Qadri
Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh - 202 002, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpn.JPN_158_16

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Objective: Progress in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood neoplasm in the past few decades is one of the most gratifying achievements in the field of oncology. This study was aimed to ascertain the burden (incidence and prevalence) and histopathologic features of neurogenic tumors occurring in the pediatric population. Materials and Methods: The study evaluated a total of 492 cases of pediatric tumors over a period of 8 years from 2007 to 2015, including patients of 0–12 years of age group; attending the out-patients and in-patients Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery at Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, with the complaints of tumor or tumor associated sign and symptoms. Clinical profile, hematological and histopathological examination along with immunohistochemical analysis were implicated to attain a conclusive diagnosis. Result: Out of 492 pediatric tumor cases, 255 (52%) cases were benign and 237 (48%) cases were malignant. Neurogenic tumor (brain tumors) comprised 49 (10%) of the total case, being most common malignant solid neoplasm and second most common (next to leukemia) overall malignancy, constituting 49/237 (21%) cases. Astrocytoma 22/49 (45%) cases were the most common type brain tumor followed by medulloblastoma 15/49 (31%), ependymoma 9/49 (18%), and craniopharyngioma 3/49 (6%). Conclusion: Effective management of pediatric neurogenic tumor is a multipronged approach involving effort of good Pediatric neurosurgeon, Pathologist and a host of Oncology specialists with insight into childhood neoplasms.


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