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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113-118

Clinico-radiological correlation with outcome in traumatic pediatric extradural hematoma: A single institutional experience

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana, India
2 NH Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, North Guwahati, Assam, India
3 SG Hospital, Hyderabad, India
4 Department of Neurosurgery, ABVIMS & Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Radiology, ABVIMS & Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shivender Sobti
Department of Neurosurgery, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Tagore Nagar, Ludhiana 141001, Punjab.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpn.JPN_61_20

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Background: Head injury is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the developing as well as developed countries. Extradural hematoma is seen in 1–2% of cases of head injury patients. Extradural hematoma is infrequent in the pediatric age group (less than 18 years) as duramater is tightly adherent to the inner table of the skull and is present in about 1–3% of all pediatric head injuries. Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery at PGIMER, Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, over a period of 19 months with a follow-up of 6 months. In total, 38 patients were enrolled in the study. All traumatic extradural hematoma below 18 years of age of both sexes were included. Follow-up of all patients was done at 2 weeks, 1, 2, and 6 months. Noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) head was done in all patients at the time of admission and whenever their neurological status deteriorated. Routine postoperative NCCT head was done. Outcome assessment was done by Glasgow outcome scale. Results: Of the 38 children, 21 were males and 17 were females. The maximum number of patients was between the ages of 1–5 years (55.26%). Fall from height was the most common cause. Loss of consciousness was the most common presenting symptom (78.94%). Thirty-three patients had GCS of 14–15 at the time of presentation. The parietal region was the most common location of EDH in our study (44.74%). Thirty-five patients had supratentorial and three patients had infratentorial EDH. Eighteen patients had associated brain injury, commonest being brain edema. Six patients were operated. There was no mortality in our study. Two patients had limb paresis. Conclusion: Pediatric EDH is a rare entity but a potentially life-threatening condition. Prompt diagnosis and timely intervention decrease morbidity and mortality.


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