Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
CASE REPORT
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 146--148

Autism according to diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5 th edition: The need for further improvements


Annio Posar1, Federica Resca2, Paola Visconti2 
1 Child Neurology and Psychiatry Unit, IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences of Bologna; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2 Child Neurology and Psychiatry Unit, IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences of Bologna, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Annio Posar
Child Neurology and Psychiatry Unit, Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences of Bologna, Via Altura 3, Bologna 40139
Italy

The fifth edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) introduced significant changes in the classification of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), including the abolition of the diagnostic subcategories proposed by DSM-IV-Text Revision. DSM-5 describes three levels of increasing severity of ASD. The authors report two explanatory cases with ASD (verbal boys, aged about 7 and a half years, without intellectual disability). According to DSM-5, both cases fall into the lowest severity level of ASD. However, their neuropsychological and neurobehavioral profile varies significantly. While the first boy showed a prevalent impairment of visuoconstructional and visuoperceptual abilities, the second one presented a predominant involvement of verbal functions, with qualitative impairments in communication. A further step forward in the definition and classification of ASD, taking into account both intensity and quality of symptoms, is recommended in order to formulate a reliable prognosis, plan an individualized treatment and monitor the clinical course over time.


How to cite this article:
Posar A, Resca F, Visconti P. Autism according to diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5 th edition: The need for further improvements.J Pediatr Neurosci 2015;10:146-148


How to cite this URL:
Posar A, Resca F, Visconti P. Autism according to diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5 th edition: The need for further improvements. J Pediatr Neurosci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2022 May 23 ];10:146-148
Available from: https://www.pediatricneurosciences.com/article.asp?issn=1817-1745;year=2015;volume=10;issue=2;spage=146;epage=148;aulast=Posar;type=0